And so it begins…

28 Jan

The history of interiors begins with Prehistoric. The word Prehistoric brings to mind first and foremost Cavemen! The name lends itself to implying that the prehistoric people actually lived out of caves. The truth of the matter is they actually did not live out of caves. The caves would have been for religious or ritual uses. The cave paintings seen in Prehistoric caves supports this theory. After researching Prehistoric architecture, I found that all in all its fairly simple and there wasn’t much to explore beyond the basics. So I dug around a little more, and found something pretty interesting to me as an Interior Design.

Matala is built on the coast line of the Messara bay inside a small inlet. Matala was the port of the ancient cretan city of Phaistos during the Minoan period. In the year 220 BC. Matala was occupied by the Gortynians and during the Roman period Matala became the port of Gortys. In the 1st and 2nd century the caves were used as tombs. The caves, cut by the Cretan people from the early Stone Age. Their dwellings consisted of passages, stone beds and fireplaces,. They are now historically preserved.

In the 1200s, the Anasazi built dwellings into the side of the mesa, including this one known as the Cliff Palace. Cliff Palace was probably an important administrative and ceremonial site. Its 150 rooms were home to about 100 people. The buildings were made of sandstone, mortar and wood.

Crannogs in Scotland and Ireland were made of timber, sometimes of stone, and were usually constructed on islets or in the shallows of a lake. They were usually fortified. Crannogs structures began being built in the late Bronze Age; their distinctive substructures of brushwood and logs built up from the bottom set them apart from the pile constructions of earlier periods in Switzerland. Crannogs are among the latest prehistoric strongholds and seem to have reached their greatest development in early historic times. Important sites include present Glastonbury and Holderness.

Apart from its stunning scenery, Corca Dhuibhne is probably most remarkable to modern eyes for its large number of clochans / beehive huts, drystone dwellings with corbelled roofs built during the Bronze Age. These are often found at religious sites, where they were inhabited by Culdees (hermit-monks).

Skara Brae is one of the most fascinating prehistoric sites in Scotland. It is on the western facing, Atlantic coast of Orkney. The remains of this prehistoric settlement were found in 1850 after a particularly bad storm had ripped turf away from the sand dunes on the edge of Skaill Bay. The fury of the storm revealed the remains of a group of remarkable stone houses. For the first time in almost 5,000 years the village was once more exposed to the light of day.

Here is typical fireplace. Similar ones were found in most of the houses.

The Venus of Willendorf was the first complete sculpture of a woman from the Old Stone Age which could definitely be assigned to a specific finds layer, the Gravettian.

The Fort Ancient culture thrived in southern Ohio and northern Kentucky from 1000 – 1650 A.D. Villages were made up of a number of circular or rectangular houses surrounding an open plaza. The Fort Ancient people continued to build small burial mounds, but gradually shifted to burials in a cemetery area with no mounds.

The Prehistoric people were simple, but they in reality actually did some fantastic art. The Lascaux Cave paintings were made with brushes made from animal fur. The painters used realism and abstraction to portray their animals. Prehistoric artists had five main colors to use: yellow, red, brown, black and white. White is more rare, but it is seen at Lascaux cave. In some cases features from lost pigmentation or worn features may have been lost due to time and we will never know what the original looked like.

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