Ancient Egypt

2 Feb

The one item that seperates Ancient Egypt from the Prehistoric and brings their society under the title of Ancient; is the simple fact that they had a written language. The language that they used to document events and their history is heiroglypics. Ancient Egyptians had very structured rules that they implemented into their paintings and heiroglyps. The fresco art was widely used by the Egyptians. Frescos is where the paint is applied while a plaster is wet so it dries into the plaster itself. The Ancient Egyptians were polytheists.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only remaining of the Seven Wonders of the World. Most Egyptologists agree the pyramid was constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. It is generally believed the Great Pyramid was built as the tomb of Fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu (Cheops), after whom it is sometimes called Khufu’s Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu.

Great Pyramid of Giza was the world’s tallest building from 2570 BC to -1300 AD.

Diagram of the Great Pyramid of Giza.

The Isis Temple is really a complex of temples, the main temple being dedicated to the Goddess Isis, built by Pharaoh Ptolemy Xl.

Isis Temple outer court.

The Temple of Luxor,  part of the Valley of the Kings

The wealthy had purpose made beds which were considered as status symbols. The framework for the beds were made of the finest woods and decorated. Most beds were designed to slope towards the feet and foot boards were therefore added to the style. The base was made from woven rush. Pillows were not used in Egypt. A wooden or stone headrest was preferred as a cooler alternative. These headrests were highly ornate and occasionally wrapped in the finest linen to add to the comfort of the owner.

 

Only royalty and the richest Ancient Egyptians had chairs. The chairs consisted of low, wooden frames usually without arms. The seats were made of plaited cord. The decoration of the chairs was often highly ornate and inlaid and overlaid with the most precious materials. The legs and the feet of chairs were finely carved to resemble the such things as the paw of a lion.

The most popular item of furniture used by the Ancient Egyptians were their stools. Ancient Egyptian stools were produced in a variety of different styles and designs and used by all classes.

Death was a huge part of their culture. The tombs of the dead were highly adorned. Images of the person were actually placed on the tomb so that the ka could enter. The jackal-headed god, Anibus, is a highly recognized fixture. He was the embalmer of the dead.

Book of Dead

When Egyptians died, their heart was weighed by Osiris- what would your’s do?

Tomb art describing Egyptian beliefs about the nature of life: Horus the Falcon

 

Bust of Queen Nefertiti

Born Tutankhaten – meaning Living Image of Aten – King Tut quickly changed his name to Tutankhamen – meaning Living Image of Amen. Ruling just after the crisis of Akhenaten, Tutankhamen ruled in 1333 BC – 1324 BC and was an Egyptian Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty.

The Golden Sarcophogus of King Tutankhamen

Egyptian symbols are known all over the world because of their magickal quality and the mysteries that they hold. Depicted in hieroglyphs, these symbols were called, “the words of God” and were used mainly by priests.
These symbols were historically used as amulets of protection and to bring luck. They were also frequently used in both religious and magickal rituals for both the living and the dead.

Scarab Symbol

Feather of Maat

The Ankh

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