Renaissance

11 Feb

The Renaissance (Italian: Rinascimento, French: Renaissance, from ri- “again” and nascere “be born”)was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, that began in Florence in the late Middle Ages and later spread to the rest of Europe. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a renew in interest of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting was seen, and gradual but widespread educational reform was starting to be implemented. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art.

Mona Lisa

Sistine Chapel

Da Vinci

Lorenzo de Medici

David by Michaelangelo

During the Renaissance a special place was occupied in Italian households by cassone (chests) in which brides’ dowries were stored. Thy were usually made in pairs to stand next to each other in a room, so that the pictorial scenes could be read in the right order.

A type of chair called a sgabello was much favoured at this time in Italy. The seat was a small wooden slab, generally octagonal, supported at front and back by solid boards cut into an ornamental shape; an earlier variety was supported by two legs at the front and one in the rear; a solid piece of wood formed the back.

Another chair of the period was the folding X-shaped chair, sometimes called a Dante chair. Tables were generally oblong, supported by columns, consoles (brackets), or terminal figures, with a long central stretcher running from end to end. Italian Renaissance furniture forms reshaped the furniture of the remainder of Europe.

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