Baroque

4 Mar

Baroque was a style that was prevalent from the late 16th century to the early 18th century in Europe. A style that “is characterized by dynamic movement, overt emotion and self-confident rhetoric”.The architecture of the Baroque was characterized by:

new emphasis  placed on bold massing

colonnades

domes

light-and-shade (chiaroscuro)

‘painterly’ color effects

bold play of volume and void

There are three different English Baroque periods; Charles II, William and Mary, and Queen Anne.

Charles the II

William and Mary

Queen Anne

Trevi Fountain

 

Baroque

German Baroque

 

The Baroque style was highly supported by the Roman Catholic church. The Prostestant Reformation led them to want the arts to depict religious themes directly to the viewers. They wanted the arts to be accessible to the illterate instead of the well-known, which had been the idea of the Renaissance.The style was dramatic, and was used to impress and to also maybe scare the viewers into the ideas that were being presented.

The intensity and immediacy of baroque art and its individualism and detail—can be seen in such things as the ultra real renderings of cloth and skin textures. These details make Baroque one of the most compelling periods of Western art. In the Baroque era the following characteristics were seen:

monarchy

iconography

handling of paint

compositions

the depiction of space and movement

Estasi di Santa Teresa by Bernini

Adoration by Ruben

 

Furniture

Large wardrobes, cupboards, and cabinets had twisted columns, broken pediments, and heavy moldings. In Baroque furniture the details are related to the whole; instead of a framework of unrelated surfaces, each detail contributes to the harmonious movement of the overall design

The early Flemish Baroque furniture, dating from the second quarter of the 17th century, was but a slight adaptation of the late Renaissance style. Typical are the oak cupboards with four doors and the chairs with seats and backs of velvet or leather held in place by nails.

But by the mid-17th century Italy was producing flamboyantly carved, painted, and gilded  furniture, decorated with such typical motifs as cupids, acanthus, shells, and boldly drawn scrolls, and was further enriching chairs and stools with fine-cut velvets and table tops with marble or pietra dura (a mosaic-like technique in which coloured stones are cut and shaped and inlaid in a design). Chairs and stools with exaggerated scrolled arms and legs, and handsome walnut and ebony cabinets and cupboards with carved decoration on the pediments, friezes, and corners and sometimes inlaid with marble or pietra dura set in molded panels, typify the Italian furniture of the later Baroque phase.

 

Baroque Bedroom Suite

 

 

 

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